Vapco engineers supplies engineering services and complete process plants and components for drying of products to customers in the industries of distillery, food and dairy, chemicals, pharmaceuticals and environmental protection. Drying is one of the most widely used unit operation in the processing industries. Vapco offer a range of dryers for handling fluid, paste, and moist powder, particulate and granulate feeds.



  • Steam tube dryer:

Rotating shell

Fixed shell

  • Flash dryer
  • Rotary cascade dryer
  • Spray dryer
  • Belt dryer
  • Rotary vacuum dryer
  • Paddle dryer

Steam Tube Dryer

Principle of Operation:

  • The material is fed continuously at uniform rate and is tumbled & showered by rotation of cylinder.
  • In a stream of hot air, when moisture gets transferred to the air, rendering the product progressively dry as it travels the length of the dryer
  • The humid air is exhausted into atmosphere via a dust collection system to trap fines escaping with the exhaust air.

Low temperature, indirect drying

Suitable for free flowing granular feeds.

High thermal efficiency

Minimal process air flow

Relatively low emissions

Adaptability to fluctuating feed rates & moisture contents of products


Germ / Fiber

DDGS / Spent Grain

Fly ash

Agro products



Flash Dryer

Principle of Operation:

  • In the flash dryer, particles are dispersed by different means depending on the product into a hot air stream at high velocity conveying and drying the product to a free flowing powder in a very short time.
  • This design uses suspended particle drying techniques where surface moisture of the material is rapidly removed by dispersing the particulate solids in a heated stream of gas / air.
  • The drying economy is very dependent upon the source of energy and the maximum allowable inlet temperatures.

Suitable for drying dewatered solids

High Heat Transfer coefficient & Thermal efficiency

Quick plant start-up and adjustment of operating conditions

Excellent choice for processing heat-sensitive or easily oxidized feed materials

Easy to change product or product grade with minimum downtime

Efficient & simple process control system

Quick response to operational changes


Dye Intermediates



Rotary Cascade Dryer

Principle of Operation:

  • Drying, roasting or heat treatment is achieved by passing the material being processed through a rotating cylinder through which also passes a current of hot air.
  • Lifters or flights fitted to the internal surface of the cylinder lift and cascade the material through the hot air stream.
  • The air stream can be directed through the cylinder either co-current or counter-current manner.

Suitable for free flowing granular feeds.

Low power demand.

Quick plant start-up and adjustment of operating conditions.

High Thermal efficiency.


Sodium & ammonium sulphate





NPK Fertilizer

Spray Dryers

Principle of Operation:

  • Spray drying involves the atomization of a liquid feedstock into a spray of droplets and contacting the droplets with hot air in a drying chamber.
  • The sprays are produced by either rotary (wheel) or nozzle atomizers. Evaporation of moisture from the droplets and formation of dry particles proceed under controlled temperature and airflow conditions.
  • Powder is discharged continuously from the drying chamber. Operating conditions and dryer design are selected according to the drying characteristics of the product and powder specification.

Best product quality

Hygienic design

Low energy consumption

Easy switch over to a different product

Long operation time between cleaning


Food: milk powder, coffee, tea, eggs, cereal, starch and starch derivatives, vitamins, enzymes, stevia, colourings

Pharmaceutical: antibiotics, medical ingredients, additives

Industrial: paint pigments, ceramic materials, catalyst supports, microalgae

Belt Dryer

Principle of Operation:

  • Hot air is passed through the moving porous bed of the wet material.
  • The moisture is transferred from the wet particles to the hot air. The material becomes progressively dry as it traverses along the length of the belt dryer.
  • The humid air is exhausted via ID fan.

Suitable for granular, fibrous, preformed,
extruded wet materials.

Can handle wet material with both surface
and bound moisture.

Uniform drying

High energy efficient

Low power consumption

Continuous operation



Agro products



China clay

Magnesium carbonate



Rotary Vacuum Dryer

Principle of Operation:

  • Rotary Vacuum Dryer (RVD) is a cylindrical jacketed vessel with a central agitator having specially designed blades.
  • The blades of this Rotary Vacuum Paddle Dryer (RVPD) are so designed that they sweep the entire internal surface and at the same time turn the material so that all the particles are in contact with the heated surface.
  • A vacuum Pump of adequate capacity is provided & fitted to the receiver of these rotary vacuum dryers to create the vacuum in the dryer shell through the Receiver, Condenser and dust catcher.

Suitable for drying materials which are heat sensitive, as low temperature for drying can be maintained by high vacuum.

Lowest energy consumption compared to any other batch type dryer due to higher differential temperatures.

Higher Thermal Efficiency

Higher recovery of solvents


Heat sensitive products

Polymers & solvent




Paddle Dryer

Principle of Operation:

  • Paddle Dryer are highly efficient, mechanically agitated, indirect heat transfer devices that add or remove heat from a process mass.
  • Dual counter-rotating shafts with unique intermeshing wedge shape paddles produce intimate mixing and optimize heat transfer.
  • The use of hollow paddles for heat transfer results in a compact machine. The heat transfer medium: steam, oil, thermal fluid, water, or glycol is isolated from the process mass.

Dryer size is minimized, due to the large heat transfer area per volume.

Slurry with high viscosities can be treated.

The wedge shaped paddles goes into the powder to enhance contact to the heat transfer area.

Heat transfer coefficient is relatively high due to the good mixing.

Residence time distribution is sharp and the powder is uniformly dried.

Available under the vacuumed condition as well, for materials which are sensitive to high temperatures.


ETP sludge

Magnesium carbonate

Magnesium sulphate


VAPCO provides complete solutions ranging
from engineering services to lumpsum suppliers

For entire plant, stand alone packages, part systems, upgradation &
debottlenecking of existing plants as per client’s requirements.